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Are you at risk? To all men and women out there ages 50 years old and above, be prepared, You might not know you are at risk

PREVENTION THROUGH SCREENING
PROSTATE CANCER
Be Suspicious if you have
Blood in urine
Pain in the abdomen
Weight loss

Who are at risk?
60 years old and above
Family history
Hormonal Influence
Obesity

Prevention
Get a prostate cancer screening
PSA – Prostate Specific Antigen
KUB Prostate Ultrasound
Complete prostate cancer screening for male/ female
Consult your Doctor
Schedule your Prostate cancer screening now
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COLORECTAL CANCER
Are You The Picture of Health?

Colon cancer and Pre-cancerous Polyps
You may look healthy Don’t always show symptoms and feel fine without knowing you may have a major problem.
SCREENING can help locate polyps so they can be removed before they turn into Colon cancer.
If you’re 50 or older, make sure you become the real picture of Health Colon Cancer is Detectable and Preventable

Get a colorectal cancer screening now
FOBT + Ba Enema
FOBT + Proctosigmoidoscopy

Colonoscopy
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CERVICAL CANCER
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is the necessary cause of cervical cancer.
Every woman is at risk of cervical cancer. Why?
The virus is transmitted through skin-to-skin genital contact, even without sexual penetration. Condoms do not offer full protection. Virus is heat-resistant & easily transmitted.
Risk factors: Young age at sexual debut ▪ Multiple sexual partners ▪ High number of pregnancies ▪ Smoking (current) ▪ Long-term use of oral contraceptives ▪ Sexually transmitted infections

Signs & symptoms - Early cervical cancer generally produces NO signs or symptoms. As the cancer progresses, these signs and symptoms may appear:
▪ Vaginal bleeding after intercourse, between periods or after menopause ▪ Watery, bloody vaginal discharge that may be heavy and have a foul odor ▪ Pelvic pain or pain during intercourse
Cervical cancer detection? Regular screening: PAP smear & visual inspection with acetic acid. BUT these do not prevent cancer.
Cervical cancer detection? Regular screening: PAP smear & visual inspection with acetic acid. BUT these do not prevent cancer.

Prevention –
Primary:
▪ Lifetime mutual monogamy
▪ Vaccination; Secondary:
▪ Cervical screening
▪ Early detection & treatment of HPV-associated pre-cancerous lesions. Best protection against cervical cancer: Vaccination alongside screening

Treatments - Surgery
▪ Radiotherapy
▪ Chemotherapy
▪ Rehabilitation
▪ Palliative care Vaccination schedule: 3 Doses; Vaccination Schedule: 0, 1, 6 , months; injected intramuscularly in the deltoid area (upper arm)
Who should get cervical cancer vaccine? Young girls and older women, 10 years old onwards, because all women are at risk. The disease is preventable. The vaccine is affordable. The fight is winnable. There’s no more excuse NOT to get vaccinated against cervical cancer. Consult your doctor for detailed information about cervical cancer vaccination & screening and about cervical cancer vaccine

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BREAST CANCER
Mammography
Is a special x-ray examination of the breast made with specific x-ray equipment that can often find tumors too be fell.

MDITI
MEDICAL INFRARED THERMAL IMAGING

40 years old and below by referral
can detect breast abnormalities an amazing 8-10 years before its possible with mammogram Main advantage is the fact that patients are not exposed to any dangerous levels for radiation that are associated with mammogram and other main line screening tools.

Breast ultrasound
Annual breast ultrasound are recommended for women once they reach 30

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DENGUE OUTBRAKE
What is dengue fever? What is dengue hemorrhagic fever?

Dengue (DEN-ghee) is a flu-like-viral disease spread by the bite of infected mosquitoes. Dengue hemorrhagic fever is severe, often fatal, complication of dengue
Dengue occurs in most tropical areas of the world. Most U.S cases in travellers returning from abroad, but the dengue risk is increasing for persons living along the Texas-Mexico border and in other parts of the southern United States.
There is no specific treatment for dengue.
Prevention centres on avoiding mosquito bites in areas where dengue occurs or might occur and eliminating breeding sites.
What is the infectious agent that causes dengue?
Dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever are caused by any of the dengue family of viruses. Infection with one virus does not protect a person against infection with another.

Dengue lives among human breed
Discarded tires
Flower pots
Old oil drums
Water storage container close to human dwelling

Who is at risk for dengue?
Anyone who is bitten by an infected mosquito can get fever. Risk factors fro dengue hemorrhagic fever include a person’s age and immune status as well as the type of infecting virus. Persons who were previously infected with one or more types of dengue virus are thought to be at greater risk for developing dengue hemorrhagic fever is infected again.

What is the treatment for dengue fever?
There is no specific treatment for dengue. Persons with dengue fever should rest and drink plenty of fluids. They should be kept away from mosquitoes for the protection of others. Dengue hemorrhagic fever is treated by replacing lost fliuds. Some patients need transfusions to control bleeding.

Signs and Symptoms
High fever
Pain behind the eyes
Muscles pain
Joint pain
Breakbone fever
Nausea
Vomiting
Loss of appetite
Rash
Nose bleeding,gums, mouth

How can dengue be prevented
Avoid mosquito bites when travelling in tropical areas:
Use mosquito repellents on skin and clothing
Wear long sleeved and long pants tucked into socks
Avoid heavenly populated residential areas
When indoors stay in ari-conditioned or screened areas
Bednets


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FLU
What is flu = or influenza is a highly contagious viral infection that affects the respiratory tract.
Compared to common colds, flu can cause severe illnesses and can lead to serious complications in all age groups.

How serious is flu?
With other viral infections the symptoms usually are mild and most people can continue working or going to school while ill, but with flu, the symptoms are severe and prolonged and can cause the individual to miss days of work or school. The infection stresses the body.
Flu may cause high fever, cough, sore throat, a runny nose, headache, more malaise and severe body aches. Some people describe the flu as being like the worst cold of their life. Most poeple feel better after 1 or 2 weeks. But for some people, the flu leads to serious, even life-threatening diseases, such as pneumonia.
Because of its infectiousness, severity of symptoms, time lost from work or school, and the potential to lead to serious complications, and consequently business interruptions, it is important to prevent flu.

How can one catch the flu?
The influenza virus is typically spread from person when an infected person coughs or sneezes the virus into the air.
It is contagious for one or two days before symptoms develop that is why it is almost impossible to stop it from spreading.

Is it possible to avoid flu?
Yes. The best way to avoid getting the flu vaccine each year before the flu season. The vaccine is generally effective against the flu virus within 2m weeks of the injection. The vaccines work by exposing your immune system to the flu virus. Your body will build up anti bodies to the virus to protect you from getting the flu.
The flu vaccine is 70 to 90% effective in preventing the flu in healthy people. Some people who get the vaccine will still get the flu, but they will usually get the flu, but they will usually get a milder case than people who were not vaccinated. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle with proper diet and exercise could reduce the impact of flu.

Why need for a yearly vaccination?
Each year the influenza virus can change slightly, making the vaccine used in previous year ineffective.
A worldwide flu surveillance has been established by the World health Organization (WHO) to detect and select the most likely strains to circulate in the forthcoming flu season. These selected strains are used to develop the new vaccine formula.

Who get vaccinated?
In general, anyone who wants to reduce his or her chances of getting the flu can get vaccinated.
Anyone can catch the disease. Every year especially during the rainy and cold season, a lot of people would have flu.
However, it is highly recommended for people who are at high risk of having serious flu complications or people who live with or care for those at high risk for serious complications.

Is there anyone who should not get the flu vaccine?
Yes. The following people should talk to their doctor before getting the flu shot People who have had an allergic reaction to a flu shot in the past
People with an allergy to eggs
Peolpe who have previously developed Guillain_Barre Syndrome ( a reversible reaction that causes partial or complete loss of movement of muscle, weakness or tingling sensation in the body) within 6 weeks of getting the flu shot.
People who have a moderate or severe fever should wait to get vaccinated until their symptoms lessen

Is the flu vaccine safe?
Yes. The flu vaccine is safe . Almost all people who receive flu vaccine

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ASTHMA ATTACK
ANO ANG ASTHMA O HIKA?
Pagkipot, pagmaga ng daluyan ng hangin sa baga at pagdami ng plema kung kayat nahihirapang huminga.

Formula ng asthma o hika
Irritable airways + triggers = inflammation Iretableng daluyan ng hangin = dahilang interna at external = pamamaga ng daluyan ng hininga.

Sintomas (Alinman sa sumusunod)
Sumusipol na paghinga
Umuubo
Nauubusan ng paghinga
Paninikip ng dibdib
Dahilan ng atake ng asthma
Buhok at di nakikitang dumi ng hayop at insekto
House mites sa bahay alikabok
Pollen mula sa talahib, bulaklak, at halaman
Mga di makitang particles ng amag
Dumi dala ng hangin, usok mula sa sigarilyo, sasakyan , pabrika, pintura at kemikal Pagkaing kilalang nagdudulot ng allergy at asthma attack
Sipon at impeksyon sa paghinga (respiratory)
Matinding emosyon o stress
Pagpalit-palit ng panahon

Sanhi
Maga at naninikip na daluyan ng hangin sa paghinga
Maraming plema
Kulong na hangin
Ano ang maaring gawin
Umiwas sa mga hayop na mabalahibo at mga insekto
Panatilihing malinis ang buong kabahayan
Magtakip ng ilong kung lalabas ng bahay (facial mask)
Mag ehersisyo araw-araw
Ugaling mag pakonsulta sa doktor
Ugaliing kumain ng mag prutas at gulay na mataas sa Vitamin C

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KIDNEY AWARENESS
Ano ang mga gawain/naitutulong nito sa katwan ng tao upang manatili itong malusog?
Ang bato ay nagsasaayos ng tubig at electrolytes ng katawan.
Inilabas ng bato ang sobrang tubig sa katawan at iniwan lamang ang mga sangkap na kinakailangan upang panatilihing malusog ang katawan. Sinasala ng bato ang dugo, ito ay upang ihiwalay o itapon ang mga dumi sa katawan na nakakalason na inilalabas sa pamanagitan ng pag-ihi.
Ang bato ay lumikha ng hormonena erythropoitein, ito ay sa pamamagitan ng pag ayos ng blood volume o dami ng dugo atasin(sodium) sa katawan. Nagagawa ito sa pamamagitan ng paglikha ng angiotensin, isa ring kemikal na sa bato.

Anu-ano ang mga sakit sa bato at kanilang palatandaan/sintomas.
Urinary Tract Infection – impeksyon o pamamaga ng daluyan ng ihi, ito ay kondisyon ng pagdami ng mga organismo o mikrobyo sa bato, ureter at sa pantog. (Upper Tract Infection/Pyelonephritis o impeksyon sa bato)
Sintomas – nilalagnat, giniginaw, nagsusuka, pagsakit ng tiyan,tagiliran, pag-init ng katawan kapag umiihi.
Lower Urinary Tract infection

Cystitis o impeksyon sa pantog
Sintomas – Masakit sa ilalim ng puson bago umihi

Glomerulonephritis – sakit sa bato na namamaga ang mga maliliit na ugat sa Nephrons o blood filter, bagamat nagiging sakit din ito ng mga matatanda, ang kalimitang nagkakasakit nito ay mga bata. Ang maaaring pagsimulan nito ay ang tonsilitis, pharyngitis o impeksyon sa balat.
Sintomas – pamamanas, altapresyon, pamumula ng ihi kulay tsaa o coke na ihi., pagdalang ng ihi.

Nephrosis O Nephrotic Syndrome – ito ay kondisyon na nagkakaroon ng sobrang protina ang ihi at sobrang pamamanas ng katawan
Sintomas- pamamanas ng talukap ng mga mata,mukha, mga binti at paa, psngi, tiyan(buong katawan) at ihi na mabula.

Renal calculi – ito ay kondisyon na nagkakaroon ng bato (stone) sa bato (kidney) Sintomas – Masakit nag pag-ihi, may dugo ang ihi, paulit-ulit na sakit sa may tagiliran. Rena Failure – ito ay pagkalason ng dugo sanhi ng malubhang pagkasira ng mag bato. Ito ay kondisyon na wala ng nganap na kakayahan ang dalawang bato na gawin ang kanilang tungkulin. Karaniwan ito ay nakikita sa End stage Renal Disease (ESRD) kung kailan ang may sakit ay na nangangailangan ng dialysis o kidney transplant operations
Sintomas – Pagkahilo, pagsakit ng ulo, pagsusuka, hindi makatulog, pagkawala ng malay tao, pagkonti ng ihi, pamamanas, hirap huminga, pag-itim at pangangati ng balat.

Anu-ano ang mga pamamaraan upang makaiwas sa sakit sa bato.
Uminom ng 8-10 (Adult) 6-8 (bata) basong tubig araw-araw(para sa mga normal ang bato)
Pamalagiin nag kalinisan ng buong katawan
Ugaliin araw-araw ang pagdumi
Huwag pigilan ang pag-ihi
Isangguni sa doktor ang anumang impeksyon sa lalamunan o balat.
Huwag paglaruan ang amseselang bahagi ng katawan tulad ng ari.
Ugaliin ang taunang pagsusuri ng ihi.
Kumain ng pagkaing masustansya, hindi sobrang maalat o matamis
Magpakuha ng presyon ng dugo dalawang beses sa isang taon
Mag-ehersisyo araw-araw ayon sa kakayahan ng katawan
Kumpletuhin ang kailangang bakuna o immunisasyon ng bata
Huwag manigarilyo
Uminom lamang ng gamot kung payo o preskrispsyon ng doktor
Kung nais uminom ng herbal supplement kumunsulta muna sa doktor

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